1. What is the first thing to do when you approach a casualty?
  2. How long would you check for breathing on an unconscious casualty?
  3. What position would you place an unconscious, breathing casualty?
  4. On a non-breathing child what is the rate of compressions to breaths?
  5. On a non-breathing adult what is the rate of compressions to breaths?
  6. How far would you compress the chest of an adult during CPR?
  7. What information should you give emergency services when calling?
  8. What is a primary survey?
  9. What is a secondary survey?
  10. What is the treatment of a conscious choking casualty?
  11. What are the signs of shock?
  12. What is the treatment of shock?
  13. What is the pulse rate of an adult at rest?
  14. How fast would you give chest compressions during CPR?
  15. What percentage of oxygen is in your exhaled breath?
  16. Which injury is the priority – bleeding arm or broken leg?
  17. If a diabetic casualty is anxious, aggressive and drowsy, what should you do?
  18. Should you have plasters in first aid kit?
  19. If an employee breaks their leg at work what regulations require reporting to HSE?
  20. Who must fill in the accident book?
  21. What are the ABC´s of First Aid?

ANSWERS

 

 

  1. Check for Danger
  2. 10 seconds
  3. Recovery position
  4. 30 compressions, 2 breaths (5 initial breaths)
  5. 30 compressions, 2 breaths (same ratio for all ages)
  6. 5-6cm
  7. Location, Incident, Other services, No. of casualties, Extent of Injury, Location in detail
  8. The initial check carried out on a casualty – open the airway and check breathing
  9. A more detailed check on a casualty for bleeding, burns, broken bones etc.
  10. Lean them forward, instruct to cough, give 5 back blows and then 5 abdominal thrusts
  11. Pale face, clammy skin, rapid shallow breathing
  12. Treat the cause of the shock then lay the casualty down with legs raised, warm and reassure
  13. 60-80 per minute
  14. Approx 2 compressions per second (rate of 100-120 per minute)
  15. Approx 16%
  16. Bleeding arm
  17. Give them a sugary drink then something more substantial like a sandwich, rice or pasta
  18. If possible use hypo-allergenic plasters and ask if the casualty has any relevant allergies
  19. RIDDOR – Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrence Regulations
  20. Anyone can fill in the accident book
  21. The ABC´s refers to Airway, Breathing and Circulation. Since the 2005 Resuscitation updates we now commonly use the DRSAB method (Danger, Response, Shout Help, Airway & Breathing) to assess a casualty, rather than checking for circulation, due to inaccuracies in the Circulation checking method.